The vehicle manufacturers’ alignment specifications usually identify a “preferred” angle for camber, caster and toe (with preferred thrust angle always being zero). The manufacturers also provide the acceptable “minimum” and “maximum” angles for each specification. The minimum and maximum camber and caster specifications typically result in a range that remains within plus or minus 1-degree of the preferred angle.
If for whatever reason your vehicle can’t reach within the acceptable range, replacing bent parts or an aftermarket alignment kit will be required. Fortunately there is a kit for almost every popular vehicle due to the needs of body and frame shops doing crash repairs and driving enthusiasts tuning the suspensions on their cars. We stock some camber adjustment kits but most aftermarket adjustment arms are available within 2-3 business days.
An accurate wheel alignment is critical to balance the tread-wear and performance a vehicle’s tires deliver. Regular wheel alignments will usually save you as much in tire wear as they cost, and should be considered routine, preventative maintenance. Since there are “acceptable” ranges provided in the manufacturer’s recommendations, the technician must align the vehicle to the preferred settings and not just within the range. Using the manufacturer’s specs is not the only way to correctly align the vehicle. You must look at the tires on the vehicle and be able to make the correct adjustments based on that vehicle’s specific use and loading of the vehicle.
If you are a reserved driver, aligning your vehicle to the vehicle manufacturer’s preferred settings is appropriate.
If you are an assertive driver who enjoys driving hard through the corners and expressway ramps, a performance alignment is appropriate for your car. A performance alignment consists of using the vehicle manufacturer’s range of alignment specifications to maximize the tires’ performance. A performance alignment calls for the manufacturer’s maximum negative camber, maximum positive caster, and preferred toe settings. While remaining within the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations, these alignment settings will maximize tire performance.
If you are a competition driver who frequently runs autocross, track or road race events, you’ll typically want the maximum negative camber, maximum positive caster and most aggressive toe settings available from the car and permitted by the competition rules. If the rules permit, aftermarket camber plates and caster adjustments are good investments.
Apex Automotive’s alignment machines are equipped with printouts that compare the “before” and “after” alignment angles with the manufacturers’ specifications. Requesting a post alignment printout can help you confirm the thoroughness of the alignment technician and preserve a record of your vehicle’s intended settings in the case of an encounter with a suspension damaging road hazard.
*credit Tire Rack